fitting thai fitting LOGO W
☎️ 095-369-0964

Blog

pH test applications in varied industries

Our Fitting Product​

รายการฟิตติ้งสแตนเลสทั้งหมด

Elbow 90 , Tee , Host Nipple , Street Elbow , Coupling , Round Cap , Red Socket ,
Hex Bushing , Square Plug ,Union F/F , Hex Nipple , Reduce Hex Nipple , Cross , 45 Elbow
2 90 ELBLOW

90 Elbow

ข้องอ 90 เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

10 TEE

Tee

3 ทาง เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

6 NIPPLE

Nipple

ท่อเกลียว เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

14 STREET ELBOW

Street Elbow

ตัวข้องอ เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

3 COUPLING

Coupling

ยอย เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

12 ROUND CAP

Round Cap

ฝาครอบเกลียว เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

9 REDUCE SOCKET

Reduce Socket

ข้อต่อลด เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

5 HEX BUSHING

Hex Bushing

ข้อลดเหลี่ยม เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

13 SQUARE PLUG

Square Plug

ปลั๊กอุด เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

15 UNION

Union

ยูเนียน เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

8 REDUCE NIPPLE

Reduce Nipple

ลดเกบียว เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

4 CROSS

Cross

เกลียวกากบาท เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

Our Fitting Product​

รายการวาล์วสแตนเลสทั้งหมด

Ball Valve 1pc , 2pc ,3pc , Gate Valve , Globe Valve , Y-Strainer , Swing Check Valve , Spring Check Valve ,Needle Valve
17 BALL VALVE 1PC

Ball Valve 1 pc

วาล์ว บอล 1 ชิ้น เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

18 BALL VALVE 2PC

Ball Valve 2 pc

วาล์ว บอล 2 ชิ้น เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

19 BALL VALVE 3PC

Ball Valve 3 pc

วาล์ว บอล 3 ชิ้น เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

20 BALL VALVE 3WAY

Ball Valve 3 way

วาล์ว บอล 3 ทาง เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

26 NEEDLE VALVE

Needle Valve

วาล์วเข็ม เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

21 GATE VALVE

Gate Valve

วาล์วประตู เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

22 GLOBE VALVE

Globe Valve

วาล์วควบคุม เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

24 Y STRAINER VALVE

Y Strainer

ตัวกรอง Y เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

23 SWING CHECK VALVE

Swing Check Valve

ประตูลิ้นกลับ เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

25 SPRING CHECK VALVE

Spring Check Valve

วาล์วปิดกลั้นทางเดียว เกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

Fitting Stainless

ฟิตติ้งสแตนเลส
จำหน่ายฟิตติ้งสแตนเลสเกรดโรงงานอุตสาหกรรม ราคาถูก

Valve Stainless

วาล์วสแตนเลส
จำหน่ายวาล์วสแตนเลส 304 ,316 ราคาส่งโรงงาน

Fitting Brass

ฟิตติ้งทองเหลือง
จำหน่ายฟิตติ้งทองเหลืองราคาส่ง
FITTINGTHAI BRASS PRODUCT
Our Fitting Product​

รายการฟิตติ้ง&วาล์วทองเหลืองทั้งหมด

Ball Valve 1pc , 2pc ,3pc , Gate Valve , Globe Valve , Y-Strainer , Swing Check Valve , Spring Check Valve ,Needle Valve
1 Brass Adapter

Brass Adapter

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

2 Brass Bushing

Brass Bushing

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

3 Brass 90 Elbow

Brass 90 Elbow

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

4 Brass Hose Nipple

Brass Hose Nipple

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

5 Brass Nipple

Brass Nipple

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

6 Brass Reduce Nipple

Brass Reduce Nipple

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

7 Brass Tee

Brass Tee

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

8 Brass Union

Brass Union

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

9 Brass Ball Valve 1pc

Brass Ball Valve 1 pc

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

10 Brass Ball Valve 2pc

Brass Ball Valve 2 pc

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

11 Brass Ball Valve 3pc

Brass Ball Valve 3 pc

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

12 Brass Ball Valve 3way

Brass Ball Valve 3 way

Tee way 3 ทางเกรดอุตสาหกรรม
มีให้เลือกตั้งแต่ 1/8" - 4"

Application of PH tester in agriculture:
Controlling soil PH is necessary as a outcome of the range of PH values that drive crop development is small and varies from crop to crop. When hydroponics are used, PH management is extra important than when soil is planted, because too high or too low PH can cause certain chemical substances to settle. Some helpful bacteria in soil thrive best in barely extra acidic circumstances. If soil PH is merely too high, crop nutrients form insoluble compounds. Too low a PH can lead to the manufacturing of poisons from certain metals.
Application of PH measurement in brewing business:
PH is important for all stages of getting older and brewing. Lowering the PH will reduce the solubility of the bitter ingredients in the hops and make certain that utilizing stronger hops does not enhance the bitterness. Bottled beer ought to have a PH between three.9 and four.1 to maintain it stable.
Application of PH worth in anticorrosion trade:
Iron corrodes at PH beneath four.3, whereas a semi-protective coating only types at PH above 4.3. Acidic soils could fall below this normal. A extra corrosion resistant coating is fashioned at PH above 10.5. The thickness of oxide layer can be estimated by electromotive drive measurement. If the electromotive pressure measured is near that on the oxide layer, it indicates that the layer is totally shaped with out pores. But if the measured emf is near the metallic emf, it means that the layer basically the layer has no protection value.
PH meter software in dairy trade:
Because milk lumps and deteriorates at PH4.7, it should not be allowed to achieve this value underneath any circumstances. The freshness of the cheese may be measured by electromotive drive and PH. For instance; PH4.9 is nice for cheddar. Ice cream with very low PH fruit or juice tends to spoil. Cooling the PH of brine to control lest it corrode the pipe.
Example: cheese manufacturing

Determination of PH within the manufacture of sentimental, contemporary and onerous cheeses appropriate for storage. Cheese is wealthy in protein and fats, so be careful when choosing electrodes. Needle electrodes are normally used

Application of acidity meter in printing and dyeing trade:
Processes such as bleaching and dyeing with varied dyes control PH values within specified ranges to achieve good outcomes with out damaging the fabric. Wool, for instance, is effective solely when PH is neutral, and the character of the dye itself adjustments PH. The acid composition of the dye has additionally been decided, typically we use PH meter to discover out the endpoint.
Application of PH tester in power equipment business:
The PH of the feed water must be managed to stop piping and boilers from rotting. In most cases, corrosion is minimal between PH 7.4 and eight.zero. Monitoring water provides can determine certain kinds of air pollution. The softening strategy of alkali lime requires PH9.four to take away calcium ions and PH10.6 to take away magnesium ions.
Application of PH controller in fermentation response:
To obtain ends in each fermentation course of, PH management is required. Changes in PH of some micro organism can even alter the product. The PH of fermentation course of is self-changing, so it needs to be adjusted often. This ensures situation and prevents unnecessary and even harmful by-products.
Application of PH measurement in fertilizer production:
The PH of acidic fertilizers needs to be managed to keep away from losing acid and to make sure product consistency.
Application of PH check in grinding powder:
The high quality of flour may be judged by measuring its PH value. Better quality flour has a decrease PH worth in the total vary of 5.9 to 6.5. The quality of buffered flour can be decided by adding an appropriate amount of acid with identified PH value to reduce its PH worth.
PH meter in gelatin and glue manufacturing application:
The properties of gelatin and glue are significantly influenced by the PH within the production course of. To obtain constant product control PH values. Colorimetric method requires particular pattern treatment and poor sex.
Application of PH measurement in iron and metal industry:
PH dedication determines the effectiveness of oleic acid bath and neutralizing waste oleic acid tub. The high quality of cast sand could be improved by controlling PH. A good PH keeps the sand in shape.
Application of PH test in jam and jelly production:
The PH range of the gel that makes jams and jellies excellent is very small. PH3.3 for jello. At three.1, the jelly is too hard, whereas at 3.5, it is too delicate and not gelatinous past PH three.5. Tartaric or citric acid can be used for control.
Application of PH meter in cloth cleansing:
Good PH control can enhance the effectiveness of soaps and detergents. The most PH11 is for undyed cotton, about 10 for wool, 9.6 for coloured materials and 9.2 for silk. In common, the higher the PH, the extra environment friendly the cleaning course of, however the PH should not exceed the value that the washing material can withstand. A starch resolution with the right PH prevents sticking when ironing.
Application of acidity controller in leather-based manufacturing:
Careful PH control throughout leather-based handling can achieve results with out damaging the leather. The PH of the pores and skin and bath really determines the texture and color of the ultimate product. The hair removal process is mostly carried out at PH12.three, but it is fully neutralized to ensure good preservation quality of leather-based. The growth of collagen was minimal at PH 4.7.
Application of PH measurement in meat and fish Processing:
PH determination of meat and fish is an efficient indicator of product high quality and freshness. This is a typical utility within the subject of needle electrode applications.
Application of PH measurement in steel polishing:
The effectivity of alkenic acid bathtub and cleaning tub is determined by PH measurement, which determines the quality and speed of electroplating process. Certain alloys may also be electroplated if the PH worth is stored underneath strict management. At the top of coating penetration, its thickness is measured by a destructibility test and is thought from adjustments in millivolt readings. This is among the industries the place colorimetry cannot be utilized directly.
Application of PH meter in acid-base neutralization process:
The technique of neutralizing acids or bases is controlled by a PH meter, which exhibits the neutralization point extra accurately than different strategies. The PH meter is particularly helpful for measuring colored solutions, whereas colorimetry is unskilled.
Application of PH tester in printing:
Paper and ink PH management to ensure correct ink permeability and drying speed. Too high PH ends in viscosity and too low drying rate is simply too slow.
Application of PH test in pharmaceutical:
The PH of antibiotics prepared from mildew must be controlled. When the PH is mistaken, it’s not medication, it’s poison. The PH value is strictly managed during the preparation of many drugs.
Application of PH meter in sewage therapy:
Controlling the PH worth of sewage ensures effective condensation of acid/alkali residue. PH3.four or 7.4 can achieve good outcomes. Also, the PH of the discharge water is controlled to stop contamination. The digestive vary is 6.8 to 7.6. The PH of filtration is dependent upon the chemical used, for instance, ferric chloride at PH3.4 and alum at PH 4.four.
Application of PH controller in swimming pool water treatment:
The PH level of swimming pool water ought to be stored close to impartial or barely alkaline to stop pores and skin discomfort. High PH will speed up the precipitation of solid salts within the hot part and in the filter. Low PH can result in corrosion of iron pipes.
Application of pen PH meter in tropical fish culture:
Expensive tropical fish thrive solely in a certain PH range. Each species has its own PH surroundings, which turns into extra demanding when breeding. Neon Tetra, for example, prefers water with a PH closer to 7.0 than angelfish, which requires a PH of 6.8. Freshwater fish require a PH between 6.zero and 8.0. Saltwater fish environment needs to be maintained at eight.3. If the PH of salt water reaches 7.zero, fish will get sick.
Application of PH meter in water treatment industry:
The PH of water in rivers, lakes and oceans is measured to check the pure setting of wildlife. The Marine Research Institute, the Fish and Wildlife Service, and water Control all carry out such measurements. PH measurement can additionally be used to find out the diploma of pollution of water for domestic and industrial use.
When determining the PH worth of water, there are two completely opposite situations: one is to measure pure water (boiler water), and the other is to measure waste water (sewage purification plant sewage). The ion focus could be very low and the conductivity could be very low. In this case, the contamination of the water is so critical that the liquid joint is blocked.
Example: boiler water

The power station makes use of boiler water to supply steam. The goal is to make the water as pure as attainable. This will not leave sediment after the water evaporates, especially to forestall scale. In order to use boiler water efficiently and economically, the condensate gas is re-pumped. Therefore, boiler water may be very pure distilled water, sometimes even lower than 1μS/cm conductivity.
Why will we measure PH?

Although boiler water has low conductivity, tanks and pipes can rot if the PH of the water is acidic.
In order to reduce the worth of costly maintenance and repair work throughout the system, the PH of the water is constantly (if not consistently) managed. If essential, add one thing (such as an answer of ammonia) to lift the PH to 9 and maintain it there.
By monitoring PH, any acid or base changes launched from the ion exchanger can be immediately measured.
Table above: commonplace knowledge for steam generator water

The modified composite electrode with versatile liquid junction can overcome the issue of low ion concentration in answer.
Open holes covered by flexible frosted glass fluid joints present a larger contact space for reference fluids. This ensures a steady PH value when determining the water sample in question.
Example: sewage treatment

In a bioreactor, natural matter is damaged down by micro organism. This is finished in acid/alkali ponds. Further aerobic fermentation is completed in septic tanks.
PH monitoring. First, microbial exercise is maintained. the biogas released can be used effectively as an energy useful resource.
The downside is that a giant quantity of solids and dissolved sulfides can rapidly block the reference junction of an strange electrode.
Cleaning of the electrode for such measurements is essential and blocking problems could be avoided by opening the hole or changing the ceramic reference connector.
More articles about water high quality:
What is pH in water test?

Main water quality indicators

Sensors generally used for water therapy

About turbidity sensors
It is important to always have faith that you’ll properly have the ability to deal with #keyword#. This doesn’t imply that it was simple, but you will need to be willing to actually put in some effort. If you feel like learning more relating to this, something which you need to do, do not hesitate, visit #links# and #links# right now.


Application of PH tester in agriculture:
Controlling soil PH is essential because the vary of PH values that drive crop growth is small and varies from crop to crop. When hydroponics are used, PH control is more important than when soil is planted, as a outcome of too high or too low PH could cause sure chemical substances to settle. Some helpful bacteria in soil thrive finest in barely more acidic circumstances. If soil PH is too excessive, crop vitamins type insoluble compounds. Too low a PH can lead to the production of toxins from sure metals.
Application of PH measurement in brewing trade:
PH is important for all phases of getting older and brewing. Lowering the PH will reduce the solubility of the bitter ingredients within the hops and make positive that utilizing stronger hops doesn’t improve the bitterness. Bottled beer should have a PH between three.9 and 4.1 to keep it secure.
Application of PH worth in anticorrosion industry:
Iron corrodes at PH below four.three, while a semi-protective coating solely varieties at PH above four.three. Acidic soils might fall below this commonplace. A more corrosion resistant coating is formed at PH above 10.5. The thickness of oxide layer could be estimated by electromotive pressure measurement. If the electromotive force measured is near that at the oxide layer, it signifies that the layer is completely shaped with out pores. But if pressure gauge 10 bar measured emf is near the steel emf, it signifies that the layer basically the layer has no protection worth.
PH meter application in dairy industry:
Because milk lumps and deteriorates at PH4.7, it should not be allowed to reach this value under any circumstances. The freshness of the cheese may be measured by electromotive pressure and PH. For example; PH4.9 is sweet for cheddar. Ice cream with very low PH fruit or juice tends to spoil. Cooling the PH of brine to control lest it corrode the pipe.
Example: cheese production

Determination of PH within the manufacture of soft, recent and exhausting cheeses appropriate for storage. Cheese is wealthy in protein and fat, so be careful when selecting electrodes. Needle electrodes are often used

Application of acidity meter in printing and dyeing business:
Processes corresponding to bleaching and dyeing with various dyes management PH values inside specified ranges to achieve good results with out damaging the material. Wool, for example, is efficient solely when PH is neutral, and the nature of the dye itself adjustments PH. The acid composition of the dye has additionally been determined, usually we use PH meter to find out the endpoint.
Application of PH tester in energy gear business:
The PH of the feed water should be managed to prevent piping and boilers from rotting. In most cases, corrosion is minimal between PH 7.four and eight.zero. Monitoring water supplies can identify certain types of air pollution. The softening means of alkali lime requires PH9.four to remove calcium ions and PH10.6 to take away magnesium ions.
Application of PH controller in fermentation response:
To achieve results in every fermentation process, PH control is required. Changes in PH of some micro organism may even alter the product. The PH of fermentation course of is self-changing, so it needs to be adjusted frequently. This ensures condition and prevents unnecessary and even dangerous by-products.
Application of PH measurement in fertilizer production:
The PH of acidic fertilizers must be managed to avoid losing acid and to make sure product consistency.
Application of PH take a look at in grinding powder:
The quality of flour can be judged by measuring its PH worth. Better quality flour has a decrease PH value in the general range of 5.9 to 6.5. The high quality of buffered flour can be decided by including an appropriate amount of acid with identified PH value to reduce back its PH value.
PH meter in gelatin and glue manufacturing application:
The properties of gelatin and glue are tremendously influenced by the PH within the production course of. To obtain constant product management PH values. Colorimetric technique requires particular pattern remedy and poor sex.
Application of PH measurement in iron and steel industry:
PH dedication determines the effectiveness of oleic acid bath and neutralizing waste oleic acid bathtub. The quality of solid sand may be improved by controlling PH. A good PH retains the sand in form.
Application of PH take a look at in jam and jelly manufacturing:
The PH range of the gel that makes jams and jellies good may be very small. PH3.three for jello. At 3.1, the jelly is simply too exhausting, whereas at three.5, it’s too delicate and not gelatinous past PH 3.5. Tartaric or citric acid can be utilized for management.
Application of PH meter in material cleansing:
Good PH management can enhance the effectiveness of soaps and detergents. The most PH11 is for undyed cotton, about 10 for wool, 9.6 for coloured materials and 9.2 for silk. In general, the upper the PH, the more environment friendly the cleaning process, however the PH shouldn’t exceed the worth that the washing fabric can stand up to. A starch resolution with the right PH prevents sticking when ironing.
Application of acidity controller in leather-based manufacturing:
Careful PH control during leather-based handling can obtain outcomes without damaging the leather. The PH of the pores and skin and bathtub truly determines the texture and color of the ultimate product. The hair elimination course of is generally carried out at PH12.3, however it is fully neutralized to make sure good preservation high quality of leather-based. The enlargement of collagen was minimal at PH four.7.
Application of PH measurement in meat and fish Processing:
PH willpower of meat and fish is an effective indicator of product quality and freshness. This is a typical software within the subject of needle electrode functions.
Application of PH measurement in metallic sprucing:
The effectivity of alkenic acid bathtub and cleansing bathtub is set by PH measurement, which determines the quality and velocity of electroplating process. Certain alloys can also be electroplated if the PH worth is saved beneath strict management. At the top of coating penetration, its thickness is measured by a destructibility check and is known from changes in millivolt readings. This is certainly one of the industries where colorimetry cannot be applied directly.
Application of PH meter in acid-base neutralization process:
The methodology of neutralizing acids or bases is managed by a PH meter, which shows the neutralization point more precisely than other strategies. The PH meter is particularly helpful for measuring colored solutions, whereas colorimetry is unskilled.
Application of PH tester in printing:
Paper and ink PH management to make sure correct ink permeability and drying velocity. Too high PH results in viscosity and too low drying rate is too sluggish.
Application of PH test in pharmaceutical:
The PH of antibiotics ready from mold ought to be controlled. When the PH is mistaken, it’s not medicine, it’s poison. The PH value is strictly controlled in the course of the preparation of many drugs.
Application of PH meter in sewage therapy:
Controlling the PH value of sewage ensures efficient condensation of acid/alkali residue. PH3.four or 7.four can achieve good results. Also, the PH of the discharge water is controlled to prevent contamination. The digestive range is 6.8 to 7.6. The PH of filtration is decided by the chemical used, for instance, ferric chloride at PH3.four and alum at PH 4.four.
Application of PH controller in swimming pool water therapy:
The PH degree of swimming pool water should be kept near neutral or slightly alkaline to stop pores and skin discomfort. High PH will accelerate the precipitation of solid salts in the hot part and in the filter. Low PH can lead to corrosion of iron pipes.
Application of pen PH meter in tropical fish tradition:
Expensive tropical fish thrive only in a certain PH vary. Each species has its own PH setting, which becomes extra demanding when breeding. Neon Tetra, for example, prefers water with a PH nearer to 7.0 than angelfish, which requires a PH of 6.8. Freshwater fish require a PH between 6.zero and 8.zero. Saltwater fish environment needs to be maintained at eight.3. If the PH of salt water reaches 7.0, fish will get sick.
Application of PH meter in water remedy business:
The PH of water in rivers, lakes and oceans is measured to review the pure setting of wildlife. The Marine Research Institute, the Fish and Wildlife Service, and water Control all carry out such measurements. PH measurement may additionally be used to determine the diploma of air pollution of water for domestic and industrial use.
When determining the PH value of water, there are two completely opposite circumstances: one is to measure pure water (boiler water), and the opposite is to measure waste water (sewage purification plant sewage). The ion focus is very low and the conductivity may be very low. In this case, the contamination of the water is so severe that the liquid joint is blocked.
Example: boiler water

The energy station uses boiler water to supply steam. The aim is to make the water as pure as attainable. This won’t leave sediment after the water evaporates, particularly to forestall scale. In order to make use of boiler water effectively and economically, the condensate gas is re-pumped. Therefore, boiler water is very pure distilled water, typically even less than 1μS/cm conductivity.
Why do we measure PH?

Although boiler water has low conductivity, tanks and pipes can rot if the PH of the water is acidic.
In order to minimize the worth of pricey maintenance and repair work throughout the system, the PH of the water is constantly (if not consistently) managed. If essential, add one thing (such as a solution of ammonia) to lift the PH to 9 and maintain it there.
By monitoring PH, any acid or base changes launched from the ion exchanger could be immediately measured.
Table above: standard information for steam generator water

The modified composite electrode with flexible liquid junction can overcome the issue of low ion concentration in resolution.
Open holes covered by versatile frosted glass fluid joints present a larger contact area for reference fluids. This ensures a secure PH value when determining the water pattern in question.
Example: sewage treatment

In a bioreactor, natural matter is broken down by bacteria. This is finished in acid/alkali ponds. Further aerobic fermentation is finished in septic tanks.
PH monitoring. First, microbial exercise is maintained. the biogas released can be utilized successfully as an power resource.
The downside is that numerous solids and dissolved sulfides can rapidly block the reference junction of an odd electrode.
Cleaning of the electrode for such measurements is necessary and blocking problems may be prevented by opening the outlet or changing the ceramic reference connector.
More articles about water quality:
What is pH in water test?

Main water quality indicators

Sensors commonly used for water remedy

About turbidity sensors